- Stresses rational (logical) argumentation for the existence of God.
- It is necessary to demonstrate the existence of God first in order to argue for the resurrection of Jesus (God must exist for miracles to occur).
Adherents: Norman Geisler, William Lane Craig, R.C. Sproul, etc.
Scriptural Support: Romans 1:20 “For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.”
- They emphasize giving evidence for the Christian faith whether historical, logical, etc.
- They think miracles do not presuppose God’s existence, but can serve as evidence for His existence.
- Resurrection for example
Adherents: B.B. Warfield, John Warwick Montgomery, Gary Habermas, etc.
Scriptural Support: 1 Corinthians 15:3-7 “For I delivered to you 1as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep; then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles;”
- Emphasizes the importance of presuppositions (things you presuppose to be true) and/or the foundations of one’s thinking.
- Assumes the existence of God and the truth of the Bible.
- They would ask an Atheist for example: “How does your worldview account for logic? How can you make sense out of ethics, the dignity of man?” The Presuppositional approach seeks to uncover one’s presuppositions.
Adherents: John Frame, Greg Bahnsen, Cornelius Van Till, etc.
Scriptural Support: 2 Peter 3:5 “For when they maintain this, it escapes their notice that by the word of God the heavens existed long ago and the earth was formed out of water and by water,”